CONSCIOUSNESS

Philosophy U77000, CUNY Graduate Center Fall 2019, Thursday 2-4, Room 7395 David Rosenthal Course requirements: A term paper due at the end of the semester on a date to be determined, a one-page (250-word) abstract of which is due November 14. Email sent to my Graduate Center email address won't reach me; please use only davidrosenthal1 (at) gmail (dot) com We may occasionally adjust readings, adding or deleting some selection and even adjusting or changing a topic. An up-to-date list with revision date at the bottom will always be at https://tinyurl.com/cn-fall-19 Most readings are available by way of a URL listed below; others will be provided online in a way to be announced.

TOPICS

I. Introductory Issues 1. Distinctions and the Target Phenomenon II. First-Order, Higher-Order, and Variant Theories 2. Higher-Order Theories and First-Order Challenges 3. Higher-Order Intrinsicalism and Representationalism 4. Dennett's Heterophenomenology and First-Person Operationalism 5. Block's Access and Phenomenal Consciousness, and Global Workspace Theory 6. Overflow, Richness, and Partial Report III. Unconscious Psychological Functioning 7. Blindsight, Masked Priming, and Temporal Anomalies 8. Attention, Inattentional Blindness, and Change Blindness 9. Transparency and Misrepresentation by Consciousness IV. How Consciousness Operates 10. Self-Consciousness, Self-Reference, and Immunity to Error 12. Utility of Consciousness 13. Consciousness and Confidence 14. The Origin of Consciousness

READINGS BY WEEK I. Introductory Issues

1. For 8/29: Distinctions and the Target Phenomenon Nagel, "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?", https://www.sas.upenn.edu/~cavitch/pdf-library/Nagel_Bat.pdf Optional: Rosenthal, "Reductionism and Knowledge," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Reduction-Knowledge.pdf No class September 5; the Graduate Center is on a Monday schedule

II. First-Order, Higher-Order, and Variant Theories

2. For 9/12: Higher-Order Theories and First-Order Challenges Rosenthal, "Explaining Consciousness," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Explaining.pdf Dretske, "Conscious States," https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/af36/2e63d40d9ebfd0f5ccf00c785365acbc3061.pdf see Rosenthal, https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Explaining.pdf#page=3 Jacob, "State Consciousness Revisited," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/cn-19/Jacob-State-Consciousness.pdf Lau and Rosenthal, "Empirical Support for Higher-Order Theories of Conscious Awareness," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Lau-TICS.pdf Optional: Lau and Passingham, "Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness," https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1693736/pdf/zpq18763.pdf Morales and Michel, "Minority Reports: Consciousness and the Prefrontal Cortex," https://philarchive.org/archive/MICMRC Byrne, "Some Like It HOT: Consciousness and Higher-Order Thoughts," http://web.mit.edu/abyrne/www/SomeLikeItHOT.pdf Weisberg, "If You Can't Stand the Heat, Get out of the Kitchen: A HOT Response to Byrne," https://www.academia.edu/attachments/30720346/download_file?st=MTU2ODQ3OTQwOCw5Ni4yNTAuNy4xMjQsMzA2MTc4&s=swp-toolbar Tsuchiya et al, "No-Report Paradigms: Extracting the True Neural Correlates of Consciousness," https://pdf.sciencedirectassets.com/271877/1-s2.0-S1364661314X00239/1-s2.0-S1364661315002521/main.pdf?X-Amz-Security-Token=AgoJb3JpZ2luX2VjEGgaCXVzLWVhc3QtMSJGMEQCIB5rfAE3qidmvmxe1ylmSklsZQizocpXmroru5ynXeozAiBMJDEJVlJ%2BgAoNPB2REdLr0FUOhMKTBUYnmBWzmAJtvSraAwgxEAIaDDA1OTAwMzU0Njg2NSIM7m8%2FJYTz20YDqWCtKrcDkF2WLeetlWPRflo23kQax6uypWyRTuOjb1AyzgDS%2Br6QZ%2B0C24WY%2BekEucb3Utc%2BOgB6j6Rab2s1qB8x8qJxbmJ3OQHitTeI73QKClQUmpd7bftshNR8c0%2F6uef2%2FmUVLhotUPgf7i8PRMWziwmCDkbh4mcMuP3QJ4dewwBOrQkq3okADt1wwj%2FxJSEQ0dX2FwxgKS8PYE5GZhBPUUgrzgWo7fkR6%2B%2FQaVdFfUsHmlxyRfo9fENabj5mMsnFPkLFoEl6vnSy4jGmsZsA%2BmLU8uK2jVusXtHZ6KbFNzfCe9ikDdgmhmv3Lf3jXIcyHwJXK0JqIr4o4qOm%2Bg4jwotH4OMIqfqaid%2F3fxL3aF%2BPhBnAcr1Nr0y0fu2N36QzjtoUaFo%2BNC6%2Bu4hEbI6ZknfLnTGJ0HwxPU5SImGfmjcu5t%2Frtd68C0yQq0FTLF1UBUgdcOXAqfc%2Ff5i6ANvk68te8Ry4iosxdvJcYLybq%2F5V7oKCX1xJlN2uVgy305VL368%2FtEQZVsUpXjAUlNyCqPn%2FM8zKWXJ6kNpB1yB7RdN8NbBRVkFW%2BrDVM%2B6iHX8ln8uJHRebCZkzKDDdj%2FTrBTq1AfCdjfJorvWKnEfZLxh7wBVNJyIEB2%2BZlqPYl0swVLzrEO6CRotgZ5qiwyBon9WcPrS6aWf%2BdPoq%2BfFWLcBae86aZ72jHkBLXycR5ZOql4gynPrb5pDS2sHfuY6HgHkZQWSygXwS5%2B6flt3Hx%2FHEGM%2FgchwujfiFDBynvGUX5wLEvjgzsz%2Bd8mAAAYzP%2BAzZosYbj6tD0axcJi8KrF%2BnVpMaxg4y1pfoY5xNOlmIG5XFfh1DN8o%3D&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20190914T162507Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=300&X-Amz-Credential=ASIAQ3PHCVTY7KALQE6F%2F20190914%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=f675151eafb1d1d7a9a53aadad029d099e040187db0d3a0decf7552c1849c4b0&hash=ea5b82ed62f79d6c06bce79df9308369500f1a7530f08d8a4c62114f04b2662a&host=68042c943591013ac2b2430a89b270f6af2c76d8dfd086a07176afe7c76c2c61&pii=S1364661315002521&tid=spdf-b9e21360-92e8-4966-b6c1-f858d028c12b&sid=953ac5cb8175a6413b2b8b41a58dea34e151gxrqa&type=client Rosenthal, "Thinking that One Thinks," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-TTT.pdf 3. For 9/19: Higher-Order Intrinsicalism and Representationalism Kriegel, "The Same-Order Monitoring Theory of Consciousness" Harman, "The Intrinsic Quality of Experience" Rosenthal, "Intrinsicalism and Its Discontents, PowerPoint presentation, https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-discontents.pdf Rosenthal, "Varieties of Higher-Order Theory," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Varieties.pdf Optional: Byrne, "Intentionalism Defended," http://web.mit.edu/abyrne/www/Intentionalism.pdf Phillips, "Indirect Representation and the Self-Representational Theory of Consciousness," https://www.bensphillips.com/uploads/2/2/4/7/22471740/indirect_representation.pdf Montague, "What Kind of Awareness Is Awareness of Awareness?", https://www.academia.edu/attachments/54495227/download_file?st=MTU2NjcyMTk4OSw5Ni4yNTAuNy4xMjQsMzA2MTc4&s=swp-toolbar Speaks, "Attention and Intentionalism," https://www3.nd.edu/~jspeaks/papers/preprints/Attention%20and%20Intentionalism%20-%20preprint.pdf Berger, "A Defense of Holistic Representationalism," https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/mila.12163 Rosenthal, "Fodor's Representationalism," PowerPoint presentation, https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Fodor-Representationalism.pdf 4. For 9/26: Dennett's Heterophenomenology and First-Person Operationalism Dennett, Consciousness Explained, chapters 4 and 5 Rosenthal, "Seeming to Seem," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Seeming-to-Seem.pdf Dennett, "Reflections on David Rosenthal," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Dennett-on-Seeming-to-Seem.pdf Dennett, "A Third-Person Approach to Consciousness" Optional: Dennett, "Who's on First?", https://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/dennett/papers/JCSarticle.pdf Akins, "What Is It Like to Be Boring and Myopic?:, http://www.sfu.ca/~kathleea/docs/Boring&Myopic.pdf Rosenthal, "Content, Interpretation, and Consciousness," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-chapter-12.pdf Dennett, "The Message is: There is no Medium," https://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/dennett/papers/msgisno.htm Nagel, "Is Consciousness an Illusion?", https://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/dennett/papers/NYRB.pdf Dennett, "Illusionism as the Obvious Default Theory of Consciousness," https://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/dennett/papers/illusionism.pdf Rorty, "Blunder around for a While," review of Dennett's Consciousness Explained, https://www.lrb.co.uk/v13/n22/richard-rorty/blunder-around-for-a-while 5. For 10/3: Block's Phenomenal and Access Consciousness, and Global Workspace Theory Block, “On a Confusion about a Function of Consciousness” (just Block's target article), http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/1995_Function.pdf Rosenthal, "How Many Kinds of Consciousness?", https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-How-Many-Kinds.pdf Block, "Comparing the Major Theories of Consciousness," http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Theories_of_Consciousness.pdf Dehaene and Naccache, "Towards a Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness: Basic Evidence and a Workspace Framework" Optional Rosenthal, "How to Think about Mental Qualities," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Think-MQs.pdf Naccache, "Why and How Access Consciousness Can Account for Phenomenal Consciousness," URL coming soon. Scott et al, "Prevailing Theories of Consciousness Are Challenged by Novel Cross-Modal Associations Acquired by Subliminal Stimuli" Kriegel, "Consciousness: Phenomenal Consciousness, Access Consciousness, and Scientific Practice," http://uriahkriegel.com/downloads/concept.pdf Shea and Frith, "The Global Workspace Needs Metacognition," https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Chris_Frith2/publication/333481520_The_Global_Workspace_Needs_Metacognition/links/5d51e2f0299bf1995b79d6e1/The-Global-Workspace-Needs-Metacognition.pdf Dennett, "Facing up to the Hard Question of Consciousness," https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074080/pdf/rstb20170342.pdf Doerig et al, "The Unfolding Argument: Why IIT and Other Causal Structure Theories Cannot Explain Consciousness," https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333802932_The_Unfolding_Argument_Why_IIT_and_Other_Causal_Structure_Theories_Cannot_Explain_Consciousness/fulltext/5d051bd1458515b055d4e3e4/The-Unfolding-Argument-Why-IIT-and-Other-Causal-Structure-Theories-Cannot-Explain-Consciousness.pdf Fu et al, "Neural Correlates of Subjective Awareness for Natural Scene Categorization of Color Photographs and Line-Drawings," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00210/full Breitmeyer et al, "Unconscious Color Priming Occurs at Stimulus- Not Percept-Dependent Levels of Processing," https://rolab.ws.gc.cuny.edu/files/2017/05/Breitmeyer04.pdf; see Rosenthal, "Higher-Order Awareness, Misrepresentation, and Function," pp. 1430-1, https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Mcogn-Mrepn.pdf#page=8 6. For 10/10: Overflow, Richness, and Partial Report Block, "Consciousness, Accessibility and the Mesh between Psychology and Neuroscience" (just Block's target article), http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/philo/faculty/block/papers/Block_BBS.pdf Cohen and Dennett, "Consciousness Cannot Be Separated from Function," https://dl.tufts.edu/downloads/tb09jh69j?filename=wd376756b.pdf Kouider et al, "How Rich Is Consciousness? The Partial Awareness Hypothesis," http://www.lscp.net/persons/dupoux/papers/Kouider_dGSD_2010_Partial_awareness.TICS.pdf Knotts et al, "Subjective Inflation: Phenomenology's Get-Rich-Quick Scheme," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Knotts-et-al-Subjective-Inflation.pdf Optional Phillips, "No Watershed for Overflow: Recent Work on the Richness of Consciousness," https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/039f/515c94ffe0d24ad29386d70e0f0088af1346.pdf?_ga=2.269237937.1753624061.1566685182-1845863113.1565795534 Naccache, "Why and How Access Consciousness Can Account for Phenomenal Consciousness," URL coming soon. Stazicker, "Partial Report Is the Wrong Paradigm," URL coming soon. Cohen, Dennett, and Kanwisher, "What Is the Bandwidth of Perceptual Experience?", https://web.mit.edu/bcs/nklab/media/pdfs/Cohen.TICs2016.pdf Gross and Flombaum, "Does Perceptual Consciousness Overflow Cognitive Access? The Challenge from Probabilistic Hierarchical Procsses," https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/mila.12144?casa_token=k_nGqQ7B69oAAAAA:5hTqf5nd49Jx2DCTdWDKnSotZ6DjwrGEWd9-4SKdNTLEvpO81bUsxdnHpn699gATMQjs_tJlQIvz Samaha et al, "Dissociating Perceptual Confidence from Discrimination Accuracy Reveals No Influence of Metacognitive Awareness on Working Memory," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00851/full Odegaard et al, Inflation versus Filling-in: Why We Feel We See More Than We Actually Do in Peripheral Vision," https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/263244v1.full Phillips, "The Methodological Puzzle of Phenomenal Consciousness, URL coming soon.

III. Unconscious Psychological Functioning

7. For 10/17: Blindsight, Masked Priming, and Temporal Anomalies Weiskrantz, "Blindsight," http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Blindsight Breitmeyer and Öğmen, "Visual Masking," http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Visual_masking Haggard and Libet, "Conscious Intention and Brain Activity," https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b1dd/6f03a5d7a09850542453695b42665b445fa1.pdf Libet, "The Experimental Evidence for Subjective Referral of a Sensory Experience Backwards in Time: Reply to P. S. Churchland" Rosenthal, "The Timing of Conscious States," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Libet-Timing.pdf Optional: Weiskrantz, "Consciousness and Commentaries," https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lawrence_Weiskrantz/publication/247508898_Consciousness_and_Commentaries/links/56d9722a08aee1aa5f82837f/Consciousness-and-Commentaries.pdf?_sg%5B0%5D=yx7wp6bHGkQ3I-JYZfF4btWt2WN4lDNDHmiHfnJQzw2U1-qsLp4anqhaqTFk6L8ulr7H1L9VGcfDbLYBk_4DrQ.bP_zX2jUaQ4kCHhEtCeC9WSD2_bkj9A_ebB1SKvFBaq0Q77ZXRc_ckfG_BihxwDyaHFqKrd526Lh1LnQLd78Ig&_sg%5B1%5D=64i13gY2aany9C-mXKKFsNAvIIAjT2V617zSPPibROvfiN_1ZhuWH-pjUKnHSF11EFSTI05TipclcQ6zTor9pyj_Mqywda46-avovFB548mu.bP_zX2jUaQ4kCHhEtCeC9WSD2_bkj9A_ebB1SKvFBaq0Q77ZXRc_ckfG_BihxwDyaHFqKrd526Lh1LnQLd78Ig&_iepl= Cowey and Stoerig, "Blindsight in Monkeys," https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Petra_Stoerig/publication/15383347_Blindsight_in_Monkeys/links/54e4b50c0cf22703d5bf24cd/Blindsight-in-Monkeys.pdf?_sg%5B0%5D=T26s8Jg0ovHelScHn_5ctXOJAbbUxDdxxpeeKZSb_FOvysDMnMIEyEsqJv5PBNjsaUvN4081A8fGfxiglwUQRQ.n6amg65emW85Lj9sscfAeVI4hJo-YBKT6usP9nA0aTNdMHfUFdFyjG-i_k_SWZ-xosPXXGj5J0EI0OiM2e1FZA&_sg%5B1%5D=nF3pDng2qy4Ns61A8pQx0HbVIy29BRu96GcNSwEIkyH--z0RCp4Zsigqgk4vegkJi0e6CVxM8Y60QGbSoRae05_NracwMzguaaaDA5iUfHUt.n6amg65emW85Lj9sscfAeVI4hJo-YBKT6usP9nA0aTNdMHfUFdFyjG-i_k_SWZ-xosPXXGj5J0EI0OiM2e1FZA&_iepl= de Gelder et al, "Intact Navigation Skills after Bilateral Loss of Striate Cortex," https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0960982208014334?token=A47129037D6FDB216BB732E6216760633727FF39930325B755115AE98DBF5DF65DB9C51C1E1A5DCD3742B0CD62FBCE88; also https://www.nature.com/news/2008/081222/full/news.2008.1328.html video, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACkxe_5Ubq8 Helen, early blindsight monkey, video, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rDIsxwQHwt8 and longer, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACkxe_5Ubq8 Mealor and Dienes, "Conscious and Unconscious Thought in Artificial Grammar Learning" Raffman, “Vagueness and Observationality” Dretske, "Perception without Awareness" Schurger, Sitt, and Dehaeane, "An Accumulator Model for Spontaneous Neural Activity prior to Self-Initiated Movement," An accumulator model for spontaneous neural activity prior to self-initiated movement Schurger, Mylopoulos, and Rosenthal, "Neural Antecedents of Spontaneous Voluntary Movement: A New Perspective," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-SMR-Spontaneous-Movement-TICS.pdf 8. For 10/24: Attention, Inattentional Blindness, and Change Blindness Webb and Graziano," The Attention Schema Theory: A Mechanistic Account of Subjective Awareness," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00500/full Norman et al, "Object-Based Attention without Awareness," https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f2a7/b1ea122d557019726f67e63ecf8d0e8dc246.pdf Braun, "It's Great but not Necessarily about Attention," http://www.kobi-ovgu.de/sites/default/files/Braun%20-%202001%20-%20It%27s%20great%20but%20not%20necessarily%20about%20attention.pdf Simons and Rensink, "Change Blindness: Past, Present, and Future," https://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/S&R-TICS-05a.pdf Grimes, "On the Failure to Detect Changes in Scenes across Saccades," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Grimes.pdf Optional: Morales et al, "Measuring away an Attentional Confound," https://academic.oup.com/nc/article/doi/10.1093/nc/nix018/4060548/Measuring-away-an-attentional-confound Fernandez-Duque and Thornton, "Change Detection with Awareness: Do Explicit Reports Underestimate the Representation of Change in the Visual System?", http://ianthornton.com/publications/pubs/Fernandez-Duque%20&%20Thornton%20(2000).pdf Silverman and Mack, "Change Blindness and Priming: When It Does and Does Not Occur," https://www.academia.edu/attachments/216303/download_file?st=MTU2Nzc4NDU0MSw5Ni4yNTAuNy4xMjQsMzA2MTc4&s=swp-toolbar Simons, "Inattentional Blindness," http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Inattentional_blindness Dretske, "What Change Blindness Teaches about Consciousness," https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1520-8583.2007.00126.x?casa_token=Gy_zh2UYK9UAAAAA:hHFGuj1b_qvcKjrwSnsqJ--DeMjIooa0CjavuCNpoQqz8LGXGhYIGKT0aUuHrpA-l5GTZKAC182S Grimes display material, https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Grimes.mpg Demos for flicker change blindness: https://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/flicker/download/ Simons and Chabris, "Gorillas in Our Midst," http://www.chabris.com/Simons1999.pdf Chabris and Simons, demo: "The Invisible Gorilla," http://www.theinvisiblegorilla.com/gorilla_experiment.html 9. For 10/31: Transparency and Misrepresentation by Consciousness Levine, Purple Haze, chapter 4 Rosenthal, "Misrepresentation and Mental Appearance," http://revistas.marilia.unesp.br/index.php/transformacao/article/view/8350/5615 Block, "The Higher Order Approach to Consciousness Is Defunct," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Block-Defunct.pdf Rosenthal, "Exaggerated Reports: Reply to Block," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Exaggerated.pdf Weisberg, "Abusing the Notion of What-it’s-like-ness: A Response to Block," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Weisberg-Abusing-WIL.pdf Block, "Response to Rosenthal and Weisberg," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/Block-response.pdf Optional: Shepherd, "Why Block Can't Stand the HOT," https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B2I_LUiUehN5SWMyYUlvZUpTc2s/view Coleman, "Quotational Higher-Order Thought Theory," https://link-springer-com.ezproxy.gc.cuny.edu/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs11098-015-0441-1.pdf Coleman, "The Merits of Higher-Order Thought Theories," http://www.scielo.br/pdf/trans/v41nspe/0101-3173-trans-41-spe-0031.pdf Nida-Rümelin, "Transparency of Experience and the Perceptual Model of Phenomenal Awareness" Rosenthal, "Higher-Order Awareness, Misrepresentation, and Function," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Mcogn-Mrepn.pdf Barz, "The Puzzle of Transparency and How to Solve It," https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00455091.2019.1565620?needAccess=true Neander, "The Division of Phenomenal Labor: A Problem for Representational Theories of Consciousness," https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/0029-4624.32.s12.18

IV. How Consciousness Operates

10. For 11/7: Self-Consciousness, Self-Reference, and Immunity to Error Nida-Rümelin, "Self-Awareness" Perry, "The Problem of the Essential Indexical," https://www.uvm.edu/~lderosse/courses/lang/Perry(1979).pdf Dennett, "The Self as a Center of Narrative Gravity," https://ase.tufts.edu/cogstud/dennett/papers/selfctr.pdf Rosenthal, "Awareness and Identification of Self," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Awn-Idfn-of-Self.pdf Optional: Lewis, "Attitudes de Dicto and de Se," http://www.andrewmbailey.com/dkl/Attitudes_De_Dicto_and_De_Se.pdf Sebastian, "Drop It Like It's HOT: A Vicious Regress for Higher-Order Thought Theories" Shoemaker, "Self-Reference and Self-Awareness," Shoemaker, Sydney, 1968, “Self-Reference and Self-Awareness”, Pryor, "Immunity to Error through Misidentification," http://www.jimpryor.net/research/papers/IEM.pdf Recanati, "Immunity to Error Through Misidentification: What It Is and Where It Comes From https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/15b6/6a21c83fa7579731d04cbd918a3b26f4d521.pdf Anscombe, "The First Person," https://ifac.univ-nantes.fr/IMG/pdf/Anscombe-The_First_Person.pdf 11. For 11/14: Accommodate overflow from previous topics Abstracts are due this day No new readings; catch up—and do abstracts! 12. For 11/21: Utility of Consciousness Dretske, "What Good Is Consciousness?" Rosenthal, "Consciousness and Its Function," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-func.pdf Samaha, "How Best to Study the Function of Consciousness," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00604/full Dijksterhuis et al, "On Making the Right Choice: The Deliberate-without-Attention Effect," https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rick_Baaren/publication/7291642_On_Making_the_Right_Choice_The_Deliberation-Without-Attention_Effect/links/00b7d51767ef7994c6000000/On-Making-the-Right-Choice-The-Deliberation-Without-Attention-Effect.pdf Optional: Shea and Frith, "Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for ‘Type Zero’ Cognition" https://academic.oup.com/nc/article/2016/1/niw005/2757125 Nisbett and Wilson, "Telling More than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes," http://web.csulb.edu/~cwallis/382/readings/482/nisbett%20saying%20more.pdf Rosenthal, "Higher-Order Awareness, Misrepresentation, and Function," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Mcogn-Mrepn.pdf Oakley and Halligan, "Chasing the Rainbow: The Non-conscious Nature of Being," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01924/full Frith, "The Neural Basis of Consciousness," https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/085D31681E604891E411E97077BBA766/S0033291719002204a.pdf/neural_basis_of_consciousness.pdf Morsella, "The Function of Phenomenal States: Supramodular Interaction Theory," http://www.summer12.isc.uqam.ca/page/docs/readings/Morsella-Ezequiel/Morsella-The%20function%20of%20phenomenal%20states.pdf No class November 28; have a nice Thanksgiving! 13. For 12/5: Consciousness and Confidence Maniscalco and Lau, "A Signal Detection Theoretic Approach for Estimating Metacognitive Sensitivity from Confidence Ratings," https://brianmaniscalco.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Maniscalco-Lau-2012-Consc-Cog-corrected.pdf Rosenthal, "Consciousness and Confidence," https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Confidence.pdf Samaha et al, "Confidence Boosts Serial Dependence in Orientation Estimation," https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/369140v2 Scott et al, "Blind Insight: Metacognitive Discrimination Despite Chance Task Performance," http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/51365/1/Scott_et_al_%282014%29_Blind_Insight.pdf Optional: Morrison, "Perceptual Confidence," http://www.columbia.edu/~jrm2182/Morrison%20-%20Mind%20-%20Perceptual%20Confidence.pdf Rahnev et al, "Confidence Leak in Perceptual Decision Making," https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dobromir_Rahnev/publication/282244095_Confidence_Leak_in_Perceptual_Decision_Making/links/561d7ccd08aec7945a25343a/Confidence-Leak-in-Perceptual-Decision-Making.pdf Knotts et al, "Multivoxel Patterns for Perceptual Confidence Are Associated with False Color Detection," https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2019/08/19/735084.full.pdf Michel, "The Mismeasure of Consciousness: A Problem of Coordination for the Perceptual Awareness Scale," http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/15145/1/Michel%20-%20Mismeasure%20of%20Consciousness.pdf Siedlecka, Paulewicz, and Wierzchon, "But I Was So Sure! Metacognitive Judgments Are Less Accurate Given Prospectively than Retrospectively," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00218/full Samaha et al, "Dissociating Perceptual Confidence from Discrimination Accuracy Reveals No Influence of Metacognitive Awareness on Working Memory," https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00851/full 14. For 12/12: The Origin of Consciousness Rosenthal, "Why Are Verbally Expressed Thoughts Conscious?", https://www.davidrosenthal.org/DR-Why.pdf Frith, "The Neural Basis of Consciousness," https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/085D31681E604891E411E97077BBA766/S0033291719002204a.pdf/neural_basis_of_consciousness.pdf Cleeremans, "Prediction as a Computational Correlate of Consciousness," https://axc.ulb.be/uploads/2016/01/14-casys11.pdf Chen et al, "Asynchronous Introspection Theory: The Underpinnings of Phenomenal Consciousness in Temporal Illusion" Optional: Morsella, "The Function of Phenomenal States: Supramodular Interaction Theory," http://www.summer12.isc.uqam.ca/page/docs/readings/Morsella-Ezequiel/Morsella-The%20function%20of%20phenomenal%20states.pdf rev. 9/14/19